+989222938678 info@ermateb.com
آیکون وبسایت ارماطب Ermateb

Applications of iodine in nuclear attack

2022-03-13 13:31:39

Dr. Fariba Azadikhah
Reviewed by:
Dr. Fariba Azadikhah

If there is an explosion or leak in a nuclear power plant accident, radioactive iodine is one of the first substances to be released into the atmosphere. If that radioactive iodine enters the body, it can damage thyroid cells and lead to cancer.

This radiation enters the body through inhalation or the skin. This ray is an invisible threat due to its inability to see and smell.

Some of the worst effects of overexposure to radiation include thyroid cancer, tumors, acute leukemia, eye diseases, mental or psychological disorders, or even damage to your genes for future generations. In acute cases, high doses of radiation can even cause death within a few days or hours.

People with non-radioactive iodine can take high-dose iodine tablets, or potassium iodide tablets (KIs), at the right time to prevent the accumulation of radioactive iodine in their thyroid. 





How does the KL pill works?


As mentioned, the thyroid gland is the part of the body that is most sensitive to radioactive iodine. KI (potassium iodide) is a salt of stable (not radioactive) iodine that helps the thyroid gland absorb radioactive iodine, thus protecting the gland from radiation damage.

KI may not provide 100% protection against radioactive iodine. Protection increases depending on three factors:

1. Post-infection time: The sooner KI is consumed, the more time the thyroid will have to fill with stable iodine.

2. Dosage of radioactive iodine: Minimizing the total amount of radioactive iodine to which a person is exposed reduces the amount of harmful radioactive iodine in the thyroid.

3. Absorption: The amount of stable iodine that reaches the thyroid depends on the rate at which KI is absorbed into the blood.





Is taking iodine tablets effective in any situation against the effects of radiation?


 We need iodine for the body to function properly, and our bodies do not produce iodine, so we consume iodine through food or supplements.

You can take iodine in pill form. When consumed, iodine is collected or stored in the thyroid gland, where it is used to produce hormones. Iodine is needed for various body functions and even supports brain growth.

 The thyroid gland may become saturated with too much iodine and therefore can no longer be stored, so the theory is that if you consume enough "good" iodine, there will be no room for "bad" or radioactive iodine in the thyroid. Eventually, that radioactive iodine must simply pass through the body and be excreted by the kidneys.


Notes on KI consumption


1. Consumption of KI (potassium iodide) should only be on the advice of public health officials or emergency management because there are health risks associated with consuming KI.


2. KI (potassium iodide) can not prevent the entry of radioactive iodine into the body or reverse the health effects of radioactive iodine after thyroid injury.


3. KI (potassium iodide) only protects the thyroid, not other parts of the body against radioactive iodine.


4. KI (potassium iodide) protects your body against radioactive iodine, not other radioactive substances. If there is no radioactive iodine, taking KI is not protective and can cause damage.


5. Salt and iodine-rich foods that contain enough iodine are not effective in preventing radioactive iodine from entering the thyroid gland. Do not use table salt or food as a substitute for KI.


6. Do not use iodine supplements instead of KI (potassium iodide). They can be harmful and ineffective.

4. KI (potassium iodide) can not protect the body against radioactive elements other than radioactive iodine - if there is no radioactive iodine, consuming KI is not protective and can cause damage.


5. Salt and iodine-rich foods do not contain enough iodine to prevent radioactive iodine from entering the thyroid gland. Do not use table salt or food as a substitute for KI.


6. Do not use iodine supplements instead of KI (potassium iodide). They can be harmful and ineffective. Only use products that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).


7. Iodine consumption does not prevent radiation exposure after a leak or attack on a nuclear power plant.


Why is iodized salt not enough for people who are exposed to radiation?


After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in March 2011, Chinese citizens monopolized iodized salt, but iodized salt does not contain enough iodine to prevent radiation poisoning and is useless. Even 2 kg of iodized salt will not have enough iodine to protect against radiation toxication. The natural extract of kelp iodine is not enough to meet the needs of people who are exposed to radiation. Drug-grade potassium iodide tablets are formulated specifically with the right dose of KI to prevent radiation sickness, and these pills are the only way to get the right dose.





What age range are iodine tablets recommended for?


It can be said that all people up to the age of 45 should take iodine pills in the affected areas, and iodine pills are recommended for people up to the age of 45, including pregnant women and children. Of course, the correct dose depends on age, but for people over 45. Because for them, the risk of side effects outweighs the benefits of avoiding an increased risk of thyroid cancer. It is recommended that you do not take iodine tablets for thyroid obstruction.


For pregnant women, taking iodine pills especially helps protect the fetus.

Children and adolescents need to take iodine tablets because the thyroid is sensitive in children and adolescents up to the age of 18.


Side effects of potassium iodide consumption


Potassium iodide, like other pharmacological agents, has side effects. While the use of potassium iodide tablets is beneficial for those who are immediately exposed to radioactive iodine isotopes, it is not recommended for normal use without a specific reason and prescription.

People who are allergic to iodine have a severe reaction to potassium iodide, and in infants, potassium iodide may cause skin rashes and thyroid problems. Potassium iodide can make tuberculosis-related conditions worse and increase the level of potassium in the blood.

 Potassium iodide interacts with drugs such as warfarin, dicumarol, and acenocoumarol.

Free Consultation

Share your comments and questions with us
If you need our experts to answer you, send us your WhatsApp number along with your country code
Your message has been registered successfully, and it will be displayed after confirmation
مقالات مرتبط
If You're Craving Salty Food, It Could Be a Sign of This Disease
2021-06-14 13:09:11
Pakistan pays a high price for food imports
2021-06-20 12:28:28
Pakistan pays high price for food imports. The rising food import bill also triggered a trade deficit, which will now cause some worry on the external side for the government in upcoming months.
Canada hits COVID-19 vaccine milestone
2021-06-20 12:47:29
Canada hits COVID-19 vaccine milestone as 75% receive one dose, 20% fully vaccinated
China has administered more than 1 billion Covid-19 vaccine doses
2021-06-21 13:14:36
A Total of 1,010,489,000 doses have been given as of Saturday, China's National Health Commission (NHC) said in a statement. Those doses are almost 40% of the 2.5 billion shots administered globally.
New Daily Records of Vaccination of India
2021-06-22 12:22:09
Under the new plan, the government would buy 75% of the vaccines and give them to the states free of charge. it will have to give 10 million shots a day. Less than 5% of adults are fully vaccinated, Reuters reported.
Shortages of Pfizer vaccines in Australia
2021-06-22 12:49:04
Shortages of Pfizer vaccines are expected to slow Australia’s rollout through June and July.
Anti-vax group mounts legal blitz against vaccinations
2021-06-23 14:56:04
Just as the Covid-19 vaccine rollout began in earnest in the United States, the Informed Consent Action Network (Ican) sent its subscribers a “legal update” on its war against employers and schools planning to require the shots.
French COVID-19 Vaccination Passports for Travel will Be Updated
2021-06-23 15:21:15
The document proves that the holder has been fully vaccinated with one of the European Medicines Agency approved vaccines (Moderna, Pfizer, Janssen, and AstraZeneca)
The U.S. Will Narrowly Miss Its Vaccination Goal
2021-06-23 15:53:14
Currently, 65% of the adult population has gotten at least one shot and 56% are fully vaccinated, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
FDA warning about rare cases of heart inflammation with covid-19 vaccines
2021-06-25 11:47:12
The US Foods and Drug Administration said it will add a warning about rare cases of heart inflammation in adolescents and young adults to fact sheets for the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna Covid-19 vaccines.
UK to ban junk food advertising online 9 pm on TV from 2023
2021-06-25 12:01:53
Research has found that one in three children leaving primary school is overweight or obese, as are almost two-thirds of adults in England.
New Covid-19 restrictions in Tunisia
2021-06-26 16:07:36
The new rules will apply to 28 of the country’s 250 districts where infection rates have risen.
six different types of COVID-19 vaccine will be available in India soon
2021-06-26 16:21:59
By the third week of July, the production capacity of Bharat Biotech and SII are going to be increased phenomenally. This will enhance the vaccine supply in the country. By August, is expected to procure 30-35 crore doses in a month
A Coronavirus Epidemic Hit 20,000 Years Ago
2021-06-26 16:28:23
Researchers have found evidence that a coronavirus epidemic swept East Asia some 20,000 years ago and was devastating enough to leave an evolutionary imprint on the DNA of people alive today.
WHO official says vaccines not enough with Delta Covid variant
2021-06-27 16:00:41
A study on the effectiveness of the existing COVID-19 vaccine against the Delta Plus variant is underway
US Covid vaccine in south
2021-06-28 15:30:27
In the United States, to bring about a long-awaited end to the Covid-19 pandemic, federal and state health officials have been urging all Americans to get vaccinated. But, some states in the south have been lagging when it comes to vaccinating their populations, raising fears of deepening regional disparities.
India’s Covid gender gap
2021-06-29 13:51:48
Indian women lag behind men in vaccination. West Bengal, the fourth most populous state, is also lagging behind with women receiving 44% of doses.
Pfizer and Moderna Vaccines Likely to Produce Lasting Immunity
2021-06-29 14:29:39
The results suggest that a vast majority of vaccinated people will be protected over the long term — at least, against the existing coronavirus variants.
Indonesian Covid deaths and Sinovac vaccine
2021-06-29 15:40:23
At least 10 out of 26 Indonesian doctors who have died from Covid-19 this month had been fully vaccinated with Sinovac.
India surpasses in a vaccine injection
2021-06-29 15:57:06
India achieves another milestone in COVID-19 vaccination and overtakes the USA in a total number of Covid vaccine doses administered