Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
In the ICSI process, a tiny needle, called a micropipette, is used to inject a single sperm into the center of the egg. With either traditional IVF or ICSI, once fertilization occurs, the fertilized egg (now called an embryo) grows in a laboratory for 1 to 5 days before it is transferred to the woman's uterus (womb). On the day of the retrieval, your eggs will be placed with the sperm using a process known as conventional insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). On the morning following your retrieval, the embryos will be checked to see how many have fertilized normally. The steps of this operation are: Step 1: Stimulate ovulation Step 2: Collect the eggs Step 3: Prepare the sperm Step 4: ‌ Fertilization and fetal growth in the laboratory Step 5: Transfer the fetus to the uterus.
One cycle of ICSI takes between four weeks and six weeks to complete. You and your partner can expect to spend a half-day at the clinic for the egg and sperm retrieval procedures. You will usually be asked to go back between two days and five days later for the embryo transfer procedure. typically this treatment cycle is completed in about four to six weeks.
After each stage, the need for recovery depends on the stage.
1. Feeling of pain in the abdomen after ovulation (puncture), 2. Ovarian hyperstimulation (OHSS) is the consequence of an ovarian hyperstimulation response to fertility drugs. Eight to 10 follicles are usually needed, but sometimes more follicles grow. This condition may be accompanied by only a slight swelling or cause more discomfort and sometimes take the person to the hospital. 3. In these methods, as in any other method of assisted reproduction (ART), there is a risk of multiple pregnancy. 4. There is also a risk of pregnancy in the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus. Findings from some studies suggest that ICSI is associated with an increased risk for chromosomal abnormalities, autism, intellectual disabilities, and birth defects compared with conventional IVF. These increased risks may also be due to the effects of subfertility.
No special action is required medically after the transfer of the fetus, and the patient can perform his daily activities immediately after the transfer of the fetus, but what is recommended to the patient is: Do not use hot water while bathing, it is also better to avoid the pool, sauna, and Jacuzzi. Avoid strenuous sports activities. But it is interesting to know that after ICSI, there is no need for complete rest and after doing it, the person can resume her daily activities.
In vitro fertilization may not work for everyone. Conditions that may interfere with its success include fibroid tumors, ovarian dysfunction, abnormal hormone levels, and uterine abnormalities. Women with these issues may face lower rates of pregnancy.


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