Heart valve repair or replacement
"After aortic valve repair or aortic valve replacement surgery, you may eventually be able to return to daily activities, such as working, driving and exercise. You'll still need to take certain medications and attend regular follow-up appointments with your doctor. You may have several tests to evaluate and monitor your condition. Your doctor and health care team may instruct you to incorporate healthy lifestyle changes — such as physical activity, a healthy diet, stress management and avoiding tobacco use — into your life to reduce the risk of future complications and promote a healthy heart. Your doctor may recommend that you participate in cardiac rehabilitation — a program of education and exercise designed to help you improve your health and help you recover after heart surgery."
"After the ICU, you'll be moved to a regular hospital room for several days. The time you spend in the ICU and hospital can vary, depending on your condition and procedure."
"Risks associated with aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement surgery may include: Bleeding, Blood clots, Valve dysfunction in replacement valves, Heart rhythm problems, Infection, Stroke, Death"
During your hospital stay, your treatment team will: Watch for signs of infection in your incision sites, Periodically check your blood pressure, breathing and heart rate, Work with you to manage any pain you have after surgery, Encourage you to walk regularly to gradually increase your activity and do breathing exercises as you recover, Recovery time depends on your procedure, overall health before the procedure and any complications.Your doctor may advise you to avoid driving a car or lifting anything more than 10 pounds for several weeks. Your doctor will discuss with you when you can return to normal activities.
"elderly patients, re-operative surgery, poor lung function, pulmonary hypertension, obesity, concomitant procedures and high risk score cohorts."
"Most artificial valves are made of titanium, graphite, pyrolytic carbon, and polyester. The titanium is used for the housing or outer ring, graphite coated with pyrolytic carbon is used for the bileaflets, and 100% pyrolytic carbon is used for the inner ring."


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