Breast reconstruction operation is mostly done in women who have undergone mastectomy as a treatment for breast cancer. This surgical process recreates the breasts to the desired appearance, contour, and volume. The nipple and areola are also recreated. Normal breast sensation and breast function, as with nursing, do not mostly return to the normal situation when the sensory nerves or milk glands and ducts have been removed or significantly injured.
The appearance, contour, and size of the breasts can be recreated with implants or with a woman's tissue. If an implant is utilized, the implant is sized to match the opposite breast. A breast also can be recreated using a woman's tissue.
Bypassing the times, a segment of the lower abdominal wall can be utilized. Other tissue options for (using patient's tissue) reconstruction are back muscle and skin or fat and muscle from the buttock. Sometimes surgery on the opposite normal breast will be needed to create symmetry with the newly reconstructed breast. Breast reconstruction can be performed at any time following the patient's having had a mastectomy.