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pediatric cancer, types, symptoms, and treatments

2021-07-11 11:55:45

Dr. Fariba Azadikhah
Reviewed by:
Dr. Fariba Azadikhah

Everything about pediatric cancer

Pediatric cancer is relatively uncommon. Despite the rare pediatric malignancies, scientists achieved analytic approaches to test their hypotheses for treatment. Analytic researches help us to understand the relationship between variations. Gender, race, and ethnicity are some of the factors. Finding principles are important, it leads to improving diagnosis, the process of treatment, and survival rates.


Ways to pediatric cancer diagnosis

Timely diagnosis is the most important and relies on the proficiency’s doctor. Good diagnosis and detection of cancer will be practical by using high tech-instruments. Imaging tests such as x-ray, PET scans, MRIs, and CT scans are used in the detecting process. These tools are facilitating diagnosis and reduce diagnostic errors.

Treatments are the second pace. Sometimes collaborating two treatments is necessary. Chemotherapy (destroying cancer cells by drugs), radiation therapy (killing cancer cells by using high doses of ionizing radiation), surgery, hormonal therapy (stopping the growth of cancer cells by blocking hormones that leads to growth the type of cells) are types of cancer treatments will be used in IRAN by doctors.

But the difference in types of cancers leads to different ways of treatments.


Types of childhood cancer

The most common cancers of children are:

  • Leukemia.
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors.
  • Neuroblastoma.
  • Wilms tumor.
  • Lymphoma (including both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma.
  • Retinoblastoma.
  • Bone cancer (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)

The symptoms of the pediatric cancer

·        Leukemia symptoms: weakness and feeling tired, easy bleeding and frequent infection

·    Brain and spinal cord tumors; headaches, weakness in arms or legs, seizures and numbness

·    Neuroblastoma: weakness, not being able to feel or move one part of the body, bluish bumps on the skin, pain in the bones, not eating or feeling full quickly, weight loss, stomach pain, problems breathing or swallowing.

·    Wilms tumor: Fever, shortness of breath, high blood pressure, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting or both, constipation.

· Lymphoma (including both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin): Feeling full after a small amount of food, swollen abdomen, fever, shortness of breath or cough, night sweats, fatigue and enlarged lymph nodes.

·    Rhabdomyosarcoma: headache, blood in urine, bleeding from “the nose, throat, vagina, or rectum”, trouble urinating, bulging of the eye, drooping eyelid, trouble having bowel movements, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, sinus infection

·      Retinoblastoma: white or red pupil, misaligned eyes, reddened and painful eye, enlarged pupil, different-colored irises, poor vision.

·       Bone cancer: fever, weight loss, limping, difficulty moving the arm or the leg, fatigue.


Diagnosis process

Ermateb doctors accurately will look for the symptoms of disease and after diagnosing will recommend the combination of the following tests:

imaging tests similar x-ray to take pictures of bones, organs, and tissues;

CT scan to see cross-sectional pictures of organs;

MRI to have a detailed picture;

PET scan to see possible spreading of cancer to the other body;

Biopsy to remove tissues for examination by using a needle or cutting through the skin.


Treatment process of pediatric cancer

The approach of treatment of cancer is destroying cancer cells by using surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, or a combination of these therapies. Of course, the body that is cured by these therapies will be detoxified with a high immunity system to immobilize maleficent cancer cells.


Miracle will be happening!

miraculously all cancer cells will have vanished! Absolutely the strategy of doctors will be very important and effective but how good is your healthcare? If the Patient has an unhealthy lifestyle, the possibility of cancer recurrence will be enhanced and in the war on cancer, the patient is a loser.

People ask themselves why me? But some reasons that a person can get cancer are: sunlight, electromagnetic fields, tobacco, fluoridated and chlorinated water, hormone therapies, wrong diet and nutrition, malnutrition and side effects, emotional stress, viruses, cellular oxygen deficiency, genetic factors, and mutations can arise by chemical carcinogens and ultraviolet light.

But causes of pediatric cancer are different. Ionizing radiation similar to Gamma and X-rays, chemical or electric field exposures (environmental factors) can affect human cells.


Boosting your immunity

Our body has a defense army and it uses different weapons similar white blood cells, phagocytes, immunoglobulins and lymph system, sweating, and fevers. Antibodies are classified into five classes IgA (immunoglobulin A), IgD, IgG, IgM, and IgE. Each class has its function. They work together to ensure that all foreign bodies are destroyed. In our immune system are two important elements called T- and Lymphocytes. B-lymphocytes make and distribute antibodies in our bodies.

Today articles show that immunity-boosting will be achieved by natural sources. For example, Fish oil stops metastases and the formation of new blood vessels as well.

In the following we remember additional factors to boost immunity:

Immunity-lowering drugs similar to glucocorticoids should be avoided; enough Sleeping and resting are very important; a proper routine exercise daily and a less stressful lifestyle is essential; Cutting down on all forms of alcohol and start a proper diet with a supplementary diet with vitamin A, C, E, B6, zinc, magnesium, and selenium; natural supports such as herbs with thymus can help to maintain a healthy immune system.


By natural compounds, stop the cancer spread

A non-toxic natural compound that works based on preventing hydrolysis of their glucuronides in the liver and stopping beta-glucuronidase, so-called a stopper is D-glucaric acid. Researches show that calcium D-glucarate reduces tumor multiplicity.

Milk thistle has silymarin. It protects the liver from the disadvantage of toxic drugs similar to amanita toxin, carbon tetrachloride, and galactosamine. It also increases the detoxification process. A significant role in saving your liver. Don’t be a worry about your liver after harmful chemicals, Doctors in Ermateb consider all aspects of cancer treatment for your child.

Hospitals for pediatric cancer in IRAN

There are many common treatments for pediatric cancer in Iran. Ermateb will choose the best doctors and surgeons at the best hospitals with the most appropriate section for children.

Our nurses are very kind to children and our section in hospitals is exclusive to infants, children, and parents.

Mahak society is one of the most famous hospitals that focus on pediatric cancer. A facilitator for a child with cancer and his or her parents.

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