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What is cosmetic dental surgery

2021-05-23 09:23:28

Dr. Fariba Azadikhah
Reviewed by:
Dr. Fariba Azadikhah

Cosmetic dental procedures can be called smile makeover procedures. It's easy to understand it embraces all dental procedures that help restore and enhance aspects of a patient's teeth and mouth appearance.

If you have teeth stained, discolored, worn, chipped, broken, misaligned, misshapen, or have gaps between them, cosmetic dental surgery can give you a better smile. A “smile renovation” improves the look of your smile through one or more cosmetic dentistry procedures. Cosmetic dentists work with you to develop a treatment plan.

Any operation used to refer to any dental work that amends the appearance (even if it's not necessary for dental function) of teeth, gums and bite. It specifically focuses on amelioration in dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile facade. Although this branch of dentistry is not a speciality in American dental association , there are still few dentists who boost themselves as cosmetic dentists.

In the following, we will explain some cosmetic methods of teeth.

Cosmetic dental surgery history :

The history refers to 3000 years before the christ the time that people started to improve their oral hygiene . This made their teeth a little brighter and caused a better looking smile (recently is called whitening , a branch of cosmetic dental surgeries). At first they used to make bristle toothbrush with animal hair. But the history of new fields refers to Newell Sill Jenkins (1840–1919) who made making a composition of the porcelain paste, porcelain inlays, dental crowns and bridges. It was a dramatic change in dentistry.

The ancient Egyptians used to benefit gold to make dental crowns and dental bridges. They also had replaced a missing tooth with gold, they would sometimes mallet seashells into their gums.

In most of the finds of ancient Egypt, They also used unusual materials to replace missing teeth. Dentures were made with ivory and bone. They even took human or animal teeth to make dentures. Some ancient people, would extract their own teeth and sell them to others. Nevertheless, the results were not long lasting.

The Ancient Romans had an unusual way to remove smudge on their teeth. Apparently, urine was used as a tooth whitening. Although the ammonia in urine can effectively remove stains and provide a brighter smile, so we should be happy for improving dentistry these days! Because new methods of tooth whitening are more effective and easy.

The latest modern techniques of dentistry are from 20th Century

Actually, The materials dentists used in dentures changed almost early in the 1900s. Porcelain dental crowns were not as economical as they could be, and as soon as the dental industry was able to, they switched to plastics and acrylics. Although We still use acrylics for dentures nowadays!

Fields of cosmetic dental surgeries :


Prosthodontics :

Is about the offshoot of dentistry that focuses on dental prostheses. It is one of 12 dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association .

It has different treatment modalities like:

Bridge , Centric relation , Crown , Veneer , Dental surgery , Complete dentures , Fixed prosthodontics , Inlays and onlays , Removable partial denture , Implant dentistry and Full mouth rehabilitation .

Orthodontics :

It's a field of dentistry that handle the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws, and misaligned bite patterns .  It can also attend to revising facial growth, called dentofacial orthopedics.

Common cosmetic dentistry options :

1. Whitening: The most common procedure which is called tooth bleaching . It is done to lightening the colour of teeth.  Teeth whitening can be done by using special toothpastes but mostly is done at offices with three methods:

_Teeth Whitening Strips (thin strips are placed on the teeth for a period of time, usually about an hour over the course of 5 to 14 days)

_Laser Whitening

_KöR Whitening ( restoring the tooth’s natural ability to absorb oxygen which may help the whitening solution to be absorbed by the tooth enamel and to fight stain molecules hidden below the tooth’s surface )

cosmetic dental surgery whitening


2. Reshaping : Mostly is done when there is tooth size discrepancy. It corrects a small chip, or to alter the length, shape or position of teeth by removing parts of the enamel.  If any body wants his  teeth to be free of chips and fractures, appear less teeming , and have decreased overlaps or to be without pits or grooves in the enamel, this operation should be discussed with dentist

3. Veneers : A veneer is a coverage of material placed over a tooth. Veneers can ameliorate the aesthetics of a smile and guard the tooth's surface from damage .

cosmetic dental surgery veneers


4. Implants : prosthetic replacements for missing teeth. It’s like all kinds of implantation and maybe the body won’t accept it. The success or failure of Dental Implants depends on the immune health of the person, immunosuppressive drugs which reduce the immune system, and the health of the tissues in the mouth.

cosmetic dental surgery implants


5. Gum lifts or Gum ReshapingThe other cosmetic procedure which is used to improve your smile is gum reshaping. During this procedure, the excess bone tissue and gum tissue are removed and contoured, and more of a tooth is exposed. This can be done for one tooth or the gum line or several teeth, and after that, you can expose your broad natural smile. Cosmetic  procedure that raises and sculpts the gum line . There are three methods in this category:

A. electrosurgery (high frequency waveforms or currents through tissues of the body to achieve a controllable surgical effect)

B. Surgical gingivectomy

C. Laser gingivectomy

cosmetic dental surgery gum lift

Gum Lifts

6. Enamel Shaping
This is a type of cosmetic dental procedure which is very fast and painless. This procedure is used to correct the appearance of your smile. Mostly is done for uneven teeth or teeth that are slightly overcrowded.
It's usually combined with other cosmetic procedures like whitening, veneers, or bonding.

Enamel Shaping
Enamel Shaping

7. Crowns
Crowns are tooth-shaped caps placed over a weak or damaged tooth. The procedure of placing crowns is used to improve how tooth appearances. It can reform the shape, size, strength, and appearance of a tooth. Each crown can be used for at last fifteen years. Crowns are made of different materials like metal, resin, or ceramic. Onlays and three-quarter crowns cover the underlying tooth to a lesser extent.

Dental Crowns

8. Dentures
It is known as one of the cosmetic dental procedures. A denture is a kind of proteus that is removable and used for missing teeth and surrounding tissue.
Dentures can be complete or partial, and it's clear complete type is used the time that all teeth are missing and partial type for the time that natural teeth have remained.


Why should you choose Iran for dental procedures ?

The dentistry profession has a high dignity in Iran . The high demand for dental services in Iran has helped Iranian dentists to amplify their knowledge and expertise in dentistry. Iran’s copious modern dental clinics and the economical cost of dental operations are also benefits to choose Iran as your dental treatment terminus .

The cost of dental services in Iran:

Healthcare services are not expensive in Iran, and dental treatments are not exceptions. Because of these reasons , Iran has become a powerful destination for people searching for dental care services.

Due to high quality and  economical medical and cosmetic dentistry procedures  in Iran, the country has become a beloved destination for dental patients from different countries, especially the Middle Eastern and neighbouring countries. 

In Ermateb group we provide whatever you need to smile prettier.  We arrange your medical tour ( your Visa, booking your hotel , drive you to wherever you want and ...) . We manage your wonderful trip and take care of you till the time you are our guests.

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