Thyroid cancer is a medical situation in which malignant cells or tumor cells are produced in the tissues of the thyroid gland. Thyroid nodules are a common situation in which follow-up is necessary but mostly are not cancerous and they are benign.
There are various types of thyroid cancer and the type affects the treatment options.
Age, gender, and being exposed to radiation are able to affect the possibility of thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer is related to genetics and usually caused by a change in a gene that is passed from parent to child.
The most common signs of thyroid cancer are swelling or lump in the neck. Screening tests for examinations of the thyroid, neck, and blood are utilized to diagnose thyroid cancer. Different factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
Type of thyroid cancer
1. Papillary and follicular thyroid cancer in patients younger than 55 years
2. Papillary and follicular thyroid cancer in patients 55 years and older
3. Anaplastic thyroid cancer in patients of all ages
4. Medullary thyroid cancer in patients of all ages
As it is explained the type of thyroid cancer that a person is involved in is related to the age of patients.
There are three paths that cancer can spread to other organs in the body
Cancer can spread through tissue, the lymph system, and the blood:
1. Tissue. The cancer is able to be spread from where it began by growing into nearby areas.
2. Lymph system. The cancer spreads from where it starts by entering into the lymph system. Cancer travels through the lymphatic system to other parts of the organs.
3. Blood. Cancer spreads from where it began by entering into the blood vessels. The cancer travels through the blood to other organs inside the body.
Stage I in thyroid cancer
In stage I papillary and follicular thyroid cancer, the tumor is any size and may have spread to nearby tissues and lymph nodes. Cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.