Uterine cancer includes two types of most common cancers in females. Endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma are those. Endometrial cancer can mostly be treated. Uterine sarcoma is often more aggressive and harder to be cured. The endometrial type which is more common is a disease in which malignant cells (tumor cells) form in the tissues of the endometrium. Endometrial type of uterine cancer is most usual in postmenopausal ages it means after the 60s. Since the mid-2000s, the number of new patients with endometrial cancer has been increased slightly annually. From 2009 to 2018, the number of deaths from endometrial cancer increased by about 2% per year. Following the diagnosis of endometrial cancer, screening tests are done to find out if cancer cells have been spread within the uterus or to other parts of the body. There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body blood, tissues, and lymph system. Cancer cells are able to spread from where they began to other parts of the body. Tissue is one way of cancer spreading. Cancer cells can be spread from where they began by growing into nearby locations. The Lymph system is another spreading path. The cancer cells spread from where they began by getting into the lymph system. Cancer travels through the lymph vessels to other parts of the body. Blood is the last way. Cancer spreads from where it began by getting into the blood. Cancer travels through the blood vessels to other parts of the body.
The following stages are used for endometrial cancer:
Endometrial cancer will be classified for treatment
1. Low-risk endometrial cancer
2. High-risk endometrial cancer
Endometrial cancer can recur (come back) after it has been treated and due to this screening tests should be retaken as routine.
The following protective factors decrease the risk of endometrial cancer:
1. Pregnancy and breast-feeding
2. Hormonal contraceptives
3. Weight loss
4. Physical activity
5. Cigarette smoking is also a protective factor for endometrial cancer; however, there are many known harms of smoking that outweigh this benefit.
There are various types of treatment options for patients with endometrial cancer.
Five types of standard treatment are utilized:
2. Radiation therapy
4. Hormone therapy
5. Targeted therapy
Novel types of treatment options are being examined in clinical examinations.
All patients should be aware that a cure for endometrial cancer might cause side effects.
Patients can enter clinical trials before, during, or after starting their cancer treatment. Follow-up tests may be necessary.
Treatment of low-risk stages of endometrial cancer (first and second stages) may include the following options:
1. Surgery (total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). Lymph nodes in the pelvis and abdomen may also be removed and viewed under a microscope to check for cancer cells in order to be sure that tumor cells are not spread to the lymphatic system.
2. Surgery (total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, with or without removal of lymph nodes in the pelvis and abdomen) pulsed internal radiation therapy. In certain cases, external radiation therapy to the pelvis will be utilized in place of internal radiation therapy.
3. Radiation therapy alone for patients who cannot have surgery like patients who have cardiovascular issues and can not tolerate major surgery.
4. A clinical trial of a novel chemotherapy regimen is utilized for some volunteers.
These are some of the necessary information about uterine cancer that a woman has to know. If you have read the article and find out that something is missing to be mentioned ask our professional experts in Ermateb's medical tourism group. You can also read about other types of cancers on the website. We'll be glad to be connected to you.