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Most common Urology diseases

2021-06-04 20:34:13

Dr. Fariba Azadikhah
Reviewed by:
Dr. Fariba Azadikhah

“Urologic diseases” describe a wide variety of complications, all about the filtering and carrying of urine out of the body. These diseases can affect all genders and ages.

These diseases can affect specific parts of the body. In females, they involve the urinary tract. In males, they affect the urinary tract and the reproductive organs like the penis and testis, so we can say all conditions are related to the genitourinary system. You can read more about Urology here.

What are the most common urologic diseases?

1. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is about enlarged prostate. This happens when prostate gland size increases. This situation is very common in males at older ages. Although It's not true to think that is prostate cancer, somehow they can be related (but not directly).

Enlarged prostate can make pressure on urethra and causes different symptoms. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and out of the body. The increased size of prostate can press the urethra and make low stream of urine, so patients feel that their bladder doesn't get completely empty after urination. There are three ways for these patients considering their conditions and symptoms:

  • just monitoring
  • medication
  • surgery


2. Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence

Condition in which patients lose their bladder control and this causes leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence conditions can be inconvenient and very embarrassing, but patients should know it's really common. According to the AUAF, more than 15 million people in the United States have incontinence.

There are a number of things that can cause incontinence. Here are A few of the most common risk factors which may cause urinary incontinence :

• diabetes

• pregnancy or childbirth

• overactive bladder

• enlarged prostate

• weak bladder muscles

• weak sphincter muscles (muscles supporting the urethra)

• urinary tract infections

• diseases including Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis

• injury to the spinal cord

• severe constipation


The treatment depends on the reason that causes the incontinence. The last choice is the surgery to correct some underlying causes.


3. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

The urinary tract Invasion of pathogenic bacteria or viruses cause infection named as UTIs. Although they are very common in women, men can get them. Sometimes it's slight without any symptoms. According to the AUAF, roughly 40 percent of females and 12 percent of males will have a UTI that causes noticeable symptoms. Most patients experience a burning pain during their urination. Others include a frequent urge to urinate. The other symptom is about sensation of full bladder after urinating.

Antibiotic therapy can usually clear up most UTIs within five to seven days.

But an important point is about true prescription without making antibiotic resistance.


4. Kidney and Ureteral Stones develop due to existence of different crystals and small particles in urine. Ureteral stones are ones that move from the kidney into the ureter (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder). Stones have obstructive essence and cause blockage of urine flow and unbearable pain.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

The size of Stones effects on treatment decisions, small sized ones are expelling without any medications, but larger ones block the urination, and it's problematic. Extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the most commonly used techniques that helps break down the Stones to small particles and make the condition easier for expelling.

The last method is surgery. If any of the techniques mentioned before were not promoting, urologists offer patient surgery.

Other common urologic diseases:

• prostate cancer

• bladder cancer

• bladder prolapse

• hematuria (blood in the urine) • erectile dysfunction (ED)

• interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)

• overactive bladder

• prostatitis (swelling of the prostate gland)

Things you need to know about Prostate cancer:

Prostate cancer

A type of cancer that occurs in prostate which is a small walnut-shaped gland in male's productive system that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

This cancer is very common and grows slowly. There are two types of prostate cancer. One type grows slowly and mostly needs minimal invasive surgeries or even no treatment but the other type is aggressive and can spread quickly.

Although prostate cancer doesn't have any signs and symptoms most of the times but this signs can be seen in patients with advanced prostate cancer:

• Trouble urinating

• Decreased force in the stream of urine

• Blood in the urine

• Blood in the semen

• Bone pain

• Losing weight without trying

• Erectile dysfunction

The latest technologies and facilities for these kinds of procedures and having experienced specialists in this major who have the best ranks in the world makes Iran a trustworthy pole. Iran Urology services have been got the best degree in the Middle East from decades ago. Annually thousands of people from neighboring countries who endured urologic diseases come to Tehran and Shiraz to use Iranian Urology hospitals, clinics services, and talented experts.

Iran offers the best options for urologic care with lower prices versus other countries and patients can be sure that their surgery will be successful with peace of mind.(based urologic surgeries costs about 15 times cheaper in Iran in comparison with European countries)

Ermateb is the first and the best choice of the most foreign patients who want to go through an appropriate and stress-free medical procedure in Iran.

Ermateb is the first and the best offer for most patients in foreign countries who want to go through a surgery and stress-free medical procedure in Iran. Ermateb's experienced team will provide patients the best health services agreeable to what they need. Our medical tour group arranges your medical tour (your Visa, booking your hotel, drive you to wherever you want, and ...).

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